Located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing has always been one of China's most important city hubs. It served as the capital of China during several historical periods and is recognised as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. Now it still one of the most cultural and economical centre in China.
Nanjing Lukou International Airport is located 35.8 kilometers away from the downtown city and serves inbound international flights from Japan, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Germany. You can also fly to Lukou International from most major cities in China, including Hong Kong, Beijing, Guangzhou, Xiamen, Wuhan, Xian, Chengdu, Zhengzhou and Hangzhou, etc. (with the exception of Shanghai due to its close proximity to Nanjing.)
From the airport, shuttle buses run every 30 minutes from 7am-6pm, for RMB 25 between the airport and the city. The cost of a taxi from the airport to the downtown city is about RMB 100-120.
If you're flying into Shanghai, there are many bus and train services that travel to and from Nanjing.
The main Railway Station in Nanjing is Nanjing North Railway Station (often referred as Nanjing Station). Situated on the north shore of Xuanwu Lake, the station is modern and more like an airport than a train station. There are many daily departures to and from Shanghai and Shanghai Hongqiao Station, which is about four hours away on slow trains and around 75 minutes on the new fast ones (see High-speed rail in China). Both types of train also stop at Wuxi and Suzhou and some continue on to Hangzhou. Fast trains offer better equipment and are comparable with a business class flight, while slow trains are older and without as many amenities, but may suit people traveling on a budget.
Nanjing is well connected to Shanghai, Hangzhou and most destinations within Jiangsu, Anhui and northern Zhejiang provicnces by bus as well as longer overnight sleeper services to Beijing (12 hours) and Guangzhou (24 hours). Most services depart from Zhongyangmen bus station, a large, clean modern terminal in the north of the city approximately 10 minutes walk to the west of the main train station.
Nanjing Subway is a clean, cheap, safe and fast way of getting from A to B quickly - the system has 2 lines and covers most of the central city. The lines are as follows:
The trains run from 5:00 am to 11:00 pm. Single-journey tokens cost between 2 and 4 yuan depending on distance and can be purchased from vending machines in the station. Stored-value tickets are also available (see above) and give a 5% discount.
Buses running within the city proper will carry a route number displayed on a red placard below the front windscreen next to the entrance door. Low-numbered routes (1-100) follow major thoroughfares and link major shopping, residential and transportation hubs. 3-figure route numbers follow indirect routes and run around quieter residential streets and are less handy for travellers, but can be an interesting way of seeing Nanjing's ordinary working class neighbourhoods. Fares are a flat 2 yuan on numbered services except for some routes which run older non-airconditioned buses which charge 1 yuan - no change is given so have some coins ready.
Like many major cities in China, taxis in Nanjing are everywhere and metered. They can take you anywhere you want to visit. The price varies according to the size of the taxi. Generally the base fare is RMB 11, each additional km RMB 2.1-2.4.
Nanjing is situated on the Yangtze river. Scheduled passenger liner service is available along the Yangtze river between Shanghai downstream and Wuhan in the Hubei province upstream, although, the river is mostly used for transport of goods.
Nanjing is fairly cycle-friendly with segregated bike lanes on most busy roads- however there are a lot of bikes on the road so care should be taken. Generally, the pace is quite slow, and some of the hills in the central-west part of the city can be tiring to climb. Most hotels have bicycles for rent, RMB 15-30 per day with RMB 400 or passport for deposit.
Recomended Nanjing Tours:
Nanjing Religious Sites One Day Tour
Shanghai-Nanjing 2 Day Tour
Panoramic Sightseeing of Nanjing 4-day Tour