Area: 6,598 km2(2,547.5 sq mi)
Population:7,588,900 (in 2008)
Location: in east China,300 kilometers (186 mi) west to Shanghai
As the capital of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing is a city of great significance with a prominent place in Chinese history and culture. Once served as the capital of China during more than six historical periods, Nanjing is regarded as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, abundant in tourist attractions. Located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing is a national hub of economy, education, culture, research, transportation and tourism throughout the country, also the second largest commercial center in the East China region, after Shanghai.
What to do in Nanjing
Nanjing is a city rich in culture and history, and you will have a wide range of choices concerning tourist attractions. Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum and Confucius' Temple are the most famous among hundreds of spots. If you are expecting culture experience then the various museums in Nanjing will never disappoint you, with The Memorial Hall of the Nanjing Massacre and Nanjing Museum as the highlights.
Dining in Nanjing will be a fantastic experience because Nanjing people are particularly good at creating delicious dishes with ordinary materials. Nanjing duck dishes enjoy a world-wide reputation while Qinhuai snacks remain popular over centuries. Travelers will be astonished at the diversity of the food in Nanjing. From genuine Nanjing cuisine to exotic Indian courses, you should really give yourself some generous treat during your Nanjing tour.
Different from those bustling Western-styled clubs and pubs in Shanghai, even the bar streets in Nanjing are touched with the elegant nature of the city. There are quite a few teahouses where you can learn the most native style of passtime of the locals. Nanjing 1912 bar street is perfect for those night owls and old-fashioned teahouses allow you to soak in the aroma of tea, relaxing and refreshing yourself.
Nanjing specialties are all time-honored, quaint and delicate, best represented by Yun Brocade and Yuhua Tea. Xinjiekou, the most famous and prosperous commercial circle, attracts not only Nanjing locals but also people from neiboring cities and towns, ranking as No.3 commercial circles in China. The area around the Confucius Temple in the south of Nanjing has a lot of clothing and tourist items. It is fun to explore those tiny individual stores even though you have no intension of buying anything particular. Though Nanjing is not known as a shopping paradise, it certainly provides a pleasant shopping experience for all its visitors.
When you travel in Nanjing, you will greatly benefit from its accessible transportation. The city is well-connected to all parts of China by highways, railways, waterways and flights, which enable commuters and tourists to travel to Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou and any other important cities in China. Nanjing Lukou International Airport links Nanjing to the outside world while Nanjing Railway Station along with Nanjing West Railway Station and Nanjing South Railway Station provide passenger rail service. Subway and buses form the efficient public transport network of the city, giving your Nanjing tour nothing but convenience.
Best time to visit Nanjing
Nanjing has humid subtropical climate and distinct four seasons, featuring hot summer and abundant rainfalls throughout the year. Nanjing is often referred to as one of the "Three Furnace-like Cities" along the Yangtze River for the high temperatures in the summertime, which can reach more than 40 C ( more than 100 F). The best time for traveling is April to June and September to early November. The raining season is from mid-June to the end of July, so umbrellas are best prepared when traveling during the period.