As an international metropolis, Shanghai has super advanced transport facilities, by which people both home and abroad can travel easily around the city and even the country. Such high-end facilities as magnetically levitated trains, airplanes, subways, buses, taxis etc. are all equipped to benefit people's dailylife at the most.
To & From Shanghai
Shanghai is the only city to possess two international airports-Pudong International Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, which can directly send people to many major cities and countries in the world.
Pudong International Airport covers an area of 30 square kilometers and the estimated number of passengers every year amounts to 20 million. What's more, the total volume of goods delivery adds up to 0.75 million tons. Therefore, it is really a key link in the whole transport network. In order to bring you convinence, some basic information such as the timetables of the airport shuttle, the hotels around the airport etc. are offered in Pudong Transportantion.
Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport is located in the western suburbs of Shanghai, nearly 13 kilometers away from downtown. Before the construction of Pudong International Airport, Hongqiao International Airport had always been the busiest one in China. It was built in the year 1907 while the reconstruction started in 1963 and successfully passed its test operation period in April, 1964.
Aiming at offering an easy access to other places or other districts, the airport provides passengers with vehicles such as airport shuttles, taxis and buses, among which the shuttles are the most useful and helpful to passengers.
The magnetic Levitation Train
The widely-known magnetic levitation train of Shanghai formally started in March, 2001 at Pudong New Area and finished successfully in December, 2002. It is the world's first magnetic levitation train project. The route starts at the Longyang subway station to the west and ends at Pudong International Airport to the east. The total length of the route is 30 kilometers with a designed speed of 430 kilometers. Therefore, it only takes 16 minutes for the train to travel round. And of course, the train is of great convenience for travelers and passengers.
Within Shanghai land, two railway stations-Shanghai Railway Station and the Northern Suburbs Railway Station (Principal Freight Station) have enjoyed most reputation.
Shanghai Railway Station is called as "Shanghai Station" or "Xinke Station" to differ from the old Shanghai Station, i.e. the Old North Station. Shanghai Railway Station has two squares with its south square leading a path to the Metro Line One. Because Metro Line 1, 3, 4 all pass the Station, Shanghai Railway Station is also a station name for the Subway Transportation.
The Northern Suburbs Railway Station is the Principal freight station that is controlled directly by the Shanghai Railway Bureau. Its jurisdiction areas consist of the Shanghai South railway hub and Beijiao, Taopu, Zhang Temple, Yanghang, Hejiawan, Yinhang, Jiangwan station and Yangpu running workshops which are on the North Yang Line.
The flow rates of the railway passenger and freight transportation amount to 48 percent and 5.9 percent respectively accounted for the city transport. These two railways are of great significance accounted for the whole transportation network.
In & Around Shanghai
Metro Line One now contains the Shanghai Railway Station and Hanzhong Road station. While at the end of the year, North extension project will be achieved as five new stations would be added on the list- Zhongshan North Road Station, Yanan Road Station, Shanghai Circus City Station, Wenshui Road stations, and Pengpu New Village Station. And Metro Line 3 now consists of Shanghai Railway Station and Baoshan Station. Both of the lines have made great contributions to the convenience of people's daily life.
Metro Line Two is an east-west line starts from Songhong Road to Zhangjiang Hi-tech Station with a total length of 25.2 kilometers, except for Zhanggao Hi-tech Road which is the only elevated Station, the others are all underground stations.
Apart from the metro line, here also scatters a great number of light trains such as LRT 1, 3, 4 etc. All the detailed information is provided in Xuhui Transportation.
Over the past 13 years, a new highway of over 100 kilometers has been explored in Pudong New Area. The Yangpu Bridge, Nanpu Bridge, Yan'an East Road double-line-Tunnel, Metro Line 2, Century Avenue and Pudong outer ring road have been completed its construction gradually as well. As a new round of important projects in Shanghai, the construction of Fuxing East Road Tunnel, Dalian Road Tunnel, Outer Ring Tunnel have been speeded up and the Magnetic Airport Express has been fully finished.
Moreover, State Hwy 312, 318 and 320 starting from Shaihai to the west part of China have been totally completed, while State Hwy 204-an east-west highway has finished its test operation period thereafter. Meantime, Shanghai-Nanjing, Shanghai-Hangzhou together with Hujialiu and Huqingping Highways connect Shanghai with some neighboring cities.
The Gonghe New elevated Road, which is close to the New Area, is the first integration overhead in China. With Viaduct on the top, the track line in the middle and the ground roads on the bottom, it is connected with the Inner Ring and the North-South elevated Road and is situated less than 20 kilometers away from the Hongqiao International Airport. The super convenient transportation creates unlimited appreciation space for Shanghai North Industrial Area space.
Bus & Couch
Over 10 Couch Bus Companies are operated in Shanghai, running 998 lines among Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Henan, Jiangxi, Fujian, Shandong, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Beijing etc. There are all together 75 specialized and sidelined Long-haul freight transport companies as well as 262 Individual transport operators, occupying more than 50 percent of the city's long-distance passenger and freight transport.
The Port of Shanghai, located in the vicinity of Shanghai, is comprised of a deep-sea port and a river port. In 2006, with a total of 537 million tons of cargos transported, it became the world's busiest port by cargo tonnage for the first time.